Conference Titled ‘Security Outlook 2025’ National Defense And Security Transformation Opens On The Sideline Of IDEAS 2014

The sideline conference, an international event, in accordance with IDEAS 2014 ‘ Industry Summit’ has been inaugurated. The federal Minister of Defence Khawaja Asif opened the conference followed by a welcome note by DG SASSI, Dr. Maria Sultan. The 3-day sideline conference is being organized by SASSI in collaboration with DEPO, Government of Pakistan and the armed forces.

In her welcome address Dr. Maria said, “We have a proud privilege to welcome all our respectable guests and we thank them for being a part of this conference.” Furthermore she said, “Pakistan, aims to take the economic route as the first priority but is defined by the national security paradigm it has inherited. Pakistan’s national security concerns are attributed to its history, unresolved border disputes with India, internal problems such as insurgencies, and the recent emergence of trans-border issues, such as terrorism. ”

Minister for Defence, Khawaja Asif appreciated (SASSI) University for providing him with an opportunity to speak on such a pertinent issue of Defence indutsry and its potential for the future for Pakistan’s industrial development and the prospects of joint partnership. He further congratulated the Air Force Training Branch to provide the essential link between the opportunities afforded by the Pakistan air force, the leading Aeronautical complexes, Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC) Kamra , AERO a company of GIDS and their JV partner to global defence market. Moreover he said, “Today nations throughout the world are faced with Internal and External security threats and in order to deal with these challenges it is necessary that the defence industry is geared to meet changing requirements of national security and defence transformation. The overriding concern of Pakistan’s national life is security, both internal and external i.e. country’s defence from inimical forces from within and without. It goes without saying that Pakistan is a peaceful country. ”

Air Chief Marshal Tahir Rafique Butt, Chief of Air Staff appreciated the efforts by SASSI and said, “SASSI University is one of Pakistan’s leading think tanks, and its conferences attract many eminent experts, scholars, diplomats and governments officials. Furthermore he said that the transforming nature of international security milieu has brought the governments and militaries nearer, to collectively and cooperatively share their ideas and strategies in order to meet their requirements to ensure and maintain regional, global peace and to meet the challenges of national security.”

Lt. Gen. (R) Aliyu Mohammad, Minister for Defense, Nigeria while praising the efforts by SASSI said, “I am grateful for the privilege afforded, to deliver the key note address at this international Industry Summit organized by the South Asian Strategic Stability Institute University. He also said, “the concept of national security has transformed with the passage of time and likewise its scope has also widened to involve non-traditional security threats to states.”

Sardar Mehtab Abbasi, Governor, Government of Khyber Pukhtunkhwa said, “Today Pakistan is faced with serious challenges both at national and international level. However, there is both capability and will on part of Pakistan’s defence forces and these threats will be neutralised by catering the technological advancement in the field of defence industry.”

Air Marshal Javaid Ahmed, HI (M), Chairman Pakistan Aeronautical Complex Board, Kamra, said, “The dynamics of geopolitical environment are engendered by the rapid changes in global security calculus and frameworks. In order to meet the challenges posed by the transformed national and regional security dynamics, national defence policies should be brought in line with the innovative progress in the field of defence industry.”

Air Vice Marshal Nudrat Kazmi, Managing Director, Aircraft Manufacturing Factory, Pakistan Aeronautical Complex Board, said “Pakistan Aeronautical complex (PAC) is the leading organization that has been very successful in catching up with the international defence industries through indigenous means. It has produced various commercial and military products including, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, JF-17 Aircraft, K-8 Aircraft, MUSHSHAK Aircraft, Avionic systems and a high range of Avionics equipment, high and low end aerospace products for military and commercial use.”

Dr. Becker Van Niekerk, from South Africa emphasized on the fact that the greatest enemy of knowledge is not ignorance but the illusion of knowledge, while discussing the Cost of Knowledge in the aviation Industry.

Prof. Dr. Ismail Demir, Under Secretary Defense Production from Turkey said, “Turkey’s defence industry is booming. Turkey is building its own UAVs, naval ships and even a main battle tank.”

Mr. Dobromir Totev, Permanent Secretary of Defense, Bulgaria was a keynote speaker and he said, “The importance of the industry in the national and some local economies is key to understanding the domestic politics of arms controls. Secondly, analysis of issues such as overcapacity, conversion to civilian production, industry structure, and domestic markets, provides a clearer background to problems such as SALW stockpiles and illicit arms transfers.”
The 2nd session was chaired by Air Cdre [Retd] Jamal Hussain, Director Centre of Air Power Studies and he congratulated SASSI for the success of the conference and while explaining the security issues in Pakistan, he said, “The National security paradigm of Pakistan evolves within the context of its peculiar geography, history and culture and determines the contours of national and military response.”

Mr Haider Ali Bhatti, from AERO Company of GIDS, Pakistan gave a commendable presentation on new applications of UAVs. He said, ”Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), or as some call them, drones, have been a hot button issue as of late. Some will tout their ability to perform certain tasks humans are unable to do, while others will argue against the potential invasion of privacy that the UAVs may create.”

Dr Mohammad Shafqat, from AERO Company of GIDS, Pakistan gave a presentation on Advance concept in UAV manufacturing, “ At the early stage of the past five years, increased military use of drones for anti-terrorist, combat and surveillance missions led to a surge in demand for industry products and their further development.”

Mr. T C Bootha, from South Africa said, “The global increase in operational use of UAVs is a direct result of lessons learnt by armed forces deployed in conflict areas to enforce peace and security. Availability of capable and affordable South African UAVs of various sizes will trigger the enhancement of not only national security, but crime fighting, disaster management, election monitoring and search and rescue.”

Mr. Maurizio Facchin, Area Manager-Marketing Sales and Business Development, SELEX ES from Italy, gave a presentation on “Selex ES… A significant UAV Heritage” and said, “Selex ES’s historic roots lie at the heart of Italy’s defense and civil industrial markets. The businesses that now form Selex ES have, over the last century, developed a wide portfolio of products and capabilities achieving a position of key partner of the Italian Government in many fields including defence, law enforcement, environment and civil protection.”

H.E. Adriano Chiodi Cianfarani, Ambassador of Italy stated, “The defence industry has crucial role to play as it creates space for all parties concerned to meet the global challenges through global resolve and global solutions.”

Mr. Shiekh Waqas Akram, Editor in Chief, Pique Defense Review and Former Federal Minister for Education and Training, Pakistan said, “Pakistan requires a long spell of peace. But a nation’s dedication to peace and adherence to the principles of peaceful settlement of international disputes, do not by themselves constitute sufficient guarantees, that it will be left unmolested in its peaceful existence.”

In the special session, on security outlook 2025, Air Marshal Saeed Muhammad Khan, Deputy Chief of the Air Staff, Pakistan Air Force, said “In the aftermath of 9/11 incident and subsequent invasion of Afghanistan by the US, Pakistan and Afghanistan faced a rising wave of insurgency and terrorism that still poses a serious threat to the state and societies of these two countries. Pakistan is facing both internal and external challenges and its progress on the Path of a strong and secure statehood is marred by national security challenges emanating from domestic and foreign sources.”

Mr. Catalin Cosmin Olteanu, Secretary of State, Ministry of Economy, Romania, the last speaker for Air Force day said, “Today nations throughout the world are faced with Internal and External security threats and in order to deal with these challenge it is necessary that the defence industry is geared to meet changing requirements of national security and defense transformation.”
The South Asian Strategic Stability Institute (SASSI) University is an autonomous non-profit research organization based on public–private partnership and is a degree-awarding institute dedicated to promoting peace and stability in South Asia. It is devoted to providing a comprehensive, insightful understanding and an objective analysis of strategic stability in South Asia. SASSI University aims to make a leading contribution to regional and international academic and policy-oriented research discourses about the South Asian security.

In the inaugural session Dr. Maria welcomed all the worthy guests and thanked them for their presence. In addition she said, “Global security environment has undergone a shift and there is a need for south to south collaboration.” She also said, “Pakistan’s defence evolution is a success story. And we hope and believe there will be prospects of industrial collaboration for needs and solutions for a better change in Pakistan.”

Vice Admiral Khan Hasham Bin Siddique HI (M), Vice Chief of the Naval Staff, Pakistan Navy gave a commendable speech on Peace and Stability in Indian Ocean- Pakistan Navy’s Contribution. He gave a description on the strategic and economic importance of Indian Ocean and said, “There has been a radical transformation in warfare and Pakistan is directly affected by instability taking place in the Indian Ocean.” Moreover, he said, “Impact of globalization in strategic sea security has led to the menace of terrorism, piracy, and drugs, human and arms trafficking.” In the end he gave an overview of various exercises and activities taking place in collaboration with other countries by the Pakistan Navy.

The session was followed with a speech by the Chief Guest of the evening, Ahsan Iqbal, Federal Minister, Ministry of Planning and Development. In his speech he praised the efforts made by SASSI and said, “I would like to extend my deepest gratitude to South Asian Strategic Stability Institute (SASSI) University and the Defence Export Promotion Organization for anticipating a series of Conferences, the Industry Summit of utmost importance.” He added, “The paradigm of human progress underwent transformation and now machines have been replaced by ideas. Knowledge should be used to create opportunities and to defend itself against challenges, as many security challenges are being faced because of continuous transformation in the global system. We need to look at new trends, challenges and opportunities so we become beneficiaries of those changes and challenges.” In the end he praised the role of Pakistan Navy in keeping Indian Ocean secure and said, “Pakistan is blessed with a commendable Naval force, which has played a vital role in the stability of Indian Ocean region. The emerging scenario has thus necessitated a more dynamic role for Pakistan Navy, so as to safeguard our maritime interests, which are key to our economic well being and influence in the region”

Another keynote speaker for the session was Maj. Gen. Ahmad Shiyam, Chief of Maldivian National Defense Forces, Maldives. In his speech he stated that, “In the globalized world, no country can provide security on its own and there is a need for collective efforts.” While praising Pakistan Navy, he said, “We thank Pakistan Navy for protecting the Indian Ocean and also for helping Maldives during the Tsunami in 2004.” In the end he said, “Pakistan and Maldives should collaborate so they can overcome the issues of terrorism, piracy and trafficking.”

H.E. Peter Heyward, Australian High Commissioner ended the session with his speech on Australia and Maritime Security in the Indian Ocean. He said, “Regional security architecture is required for the interaction among regional countries, as the importance of Indian Ocean is increasing and regional countries are prioritizing Indian Ocean, Australia in particular.”

Cdre. (R) Ubaid Ullah, Former Director, Pakistan National Shipping Cooperation, gave a speech on the shipping industry and said that, “Pakistan’s shipping potential is rich and despite of economic recession at the global level Pakistan national shipping corporation has not only been able to sustain itself, but also profitable public sector organization.”

Mr. Faisal Iftikhar, Chief Executive Officer, Fisheries Board said, “There is a need to develop a singular body to avoid replication in all provinces. And the Fishery role is to introduce new techniques and seeds to be imported for commercial use.”

The second session of the sideline conference was focused primarily on access to global commons, shipbuilding and industrial cooperation. The session was chaied by Rear Admiral Syed Imdad Imam Jafri HI (M), Commander logistics (COMLOGS).

The first key note speaker for the session was Rear Admiral Syed Hassan Nasir Shah SI (M), Managing Director, Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works (KS&EW), Pakistan. He stated that maritime countries have exploited this industry to become great powers. Advancement and technology has effected and improved sea trade but in policy ‘we still follow the natural domain’. He said that sea trade grew 13 times in the last few years, and discussed the potential of the Karachi Shipyard. He discussed his vision for the KS&EW saying that 120 platforms need replacement; cost being $ 5 to 6 billion however if they can be built locally, which would translate into $ 1.2 billion is savings. He said that Pakistan has the potential to build platforms for submarines and warships. In conclusion he identified the need for long-term policy where stakeholder roles are defined.

The session included discussion on indigenous warship design and construction: opportunities and challenges, public/private defence industry collaboration to meet maritime security challenges, aligning technology development with the industry to meet maritime security needs.

The concluding session was chaired by vice admiral Syed Arif Ullah Hussaini HI (M), SBT, Commander Karachi. He thanked SASSI and the federal government and the Pakistan Navy for organizing the summit. In his address he said ‘Baluchistan costal area has significant importance for maritime security’

Vice Admiral (R) Ifitikhar Ahmed Rao, Chairman Executive Committee Shipbuilding Industry, Pakistan highlighted the importance of ship building industry for the economic interest of any country. He said that China has the word’s biggest ship industry as 42% of the ship is industry owned by China being a strategic partner of china Pakistan has ample opportunity to seek assistance from its friends and develop.

Sea born trade is the highest factor in global economies; he said that ‘the world GDP grows along side the sea born trade’. Discussing this point he reminded the participants that after World War II ship building industry became part of the main global policy to develop its economic model, stating that ‘ shipbuilding is an economic catalyst’.

Dr. Abdul Malik, Chief Minister, Government of Baluchistan, Pakistan said that ‘terrorism is national problem from FATA to Baluchistan. The nation has decided to uproot it. He thanked the armed forces for moving us in the right direction and ensured the public that with the passage of time Baluchistan peace situation will improve. In conclusion he said that ‘ I would like to invite all sitting here to come out of their fears and come for investment in Quetta and Gwadar.

The South Asian Strategic Stability Institute (SASSI) University is an autonomous non-profit research organization based on public–private partnership and is a degree-awarding institute dedicated to promoting peace and stability in South Asia. It is devoted to providing a comprehensive, insightful understanding and an objective analysis of strategic stability in South Asia. SASSI University aims to make a leading contribution to regional and international academic and policy-oriented research discourses about the South Asian security.

The Chief of Pakistan Army Staff (COAS) General Raheel Sharif was the chief guest of Industry Summit (Sideline Conference -IDEAS 2014) organized by the South Asian Strategic Stability Institute (SASSI) at the Karachi Marriott on Thursday.

In his address at the inaugural session, the COAS that security does not only refer to external threats but is a concern in terms of politics, human rights, economy, water security, terrorism and insurgency.
The army chief also highlighted the Palestine and Kashmir Issue and said that there must be conflict resolution in these areas. He said that security cannot be achieved by securing borders alone but also by protecting ways of life, culture, ideas and sensitivities.

The COAS said that Pakistan’s current enemy ‘lives within us and looks like us’ and also that the definition of the term security has transformed with the passage of time and has become renown in recently. He also said that due to increased polarization, governments are unable to protect their people and national security.

“Trends of globalization and regionalism will effect in terms of security and bring instability, as conflict is interest and value based today and also that act and focus of war has become difficult to define,” he said.

“In contemporary geopolitics, the battles are no longer between state and non-state actors but are with supra-individuals, those individuals who exploit both the national and international space for their desired objectives. These supra-individuals have the capacity to manipulate networks, organizations and state institutions to create waves of instability and create discord at the center of the state institutions. Explosions are still a viable tool of war, but implosions are the new defeat mechanisms,” General Raheel Sharif said.

In the end, the COAS congratulated the SASSI for arranging such a successful sideline conference. “You are showing the world what Pakistan can offer,” he said.
The Chairman Pakistan Ordinance Factories (POF) Board Lt. General Muhammad Ahsan Mahmood also gave a commendable speech.

“Pakistan’s defence industry is diverse and is developed by Government funding, which is acting like a force behind the forces for Pakistan,” he said.
Mr. Syed Naseem Raza, POF Board gave a speech on POF Vision 2025. He said “We have been able to reinvent our mechanism by becoming self-sufficient and we want to diminish our dependence on government through public-private partnership.”

Lt Gen ® Khalid Rabbani Former Corp Commander 11 Corps, Pakistan Army gave a speech on Dynamics of internal security situation in FATA will special reference to border control mechanism and Operation Zarb-e-Azb. He said, “The army has been successful in clearing North Waziristan through indiscriminate operation against the terrorists and the backlash so far has been negligible.”

Mr Dae Hwan Kim, Poongsan said, “Korea and Pakistan have common security perceptions, thus industries from both countries need to develop joint ventures in defence industry.”

Lt Gen Naveed Mukhtar, Corp Commander 5 Corps, Pakistan Army, talked about Urban Terrorism: Case study of Karachi. He said, “The law and order problem in Karachi is political in nature and thus require political solutions.”

Dr. Maria gave the welcome address in the inauguration session saying that, “The rapid development trends of globalization, including increased trade relations between countries and regions, have essentially reconfigured the defense industrial sector with international collaborative linkages edging out erstwhile stand alone national defense industries. The emergence of new consumer market and industrial production capabilities, and facilities, has ushered in a new era necessitating the creation of sustainable joint collaborative projects and meeting the ever dynamic need of the Defense section with changing land scope of National security.”

The event was also attended by Pervaiz A Rasheed, Minister for Information and Broadcasting, during his address he said that the ‘Defense Industry is one of the most significant industries worldwide. With new and emerging threats and trends in terrorism, defense transformation is taking place. Now war is not limited to the battle field only but it includes latest trends like cyber warfare, kinetic warfare etc. to deal with the emerging threats, new methods, technology and ideas need to be produced at the same pace as that of the emergence of new threats’.

The Federal Minister appreciated the armed forces, security agencies, police and public servants for their resolute fight against terrorism. He said ‘We are eternally grateful to those who have made the ultimate sacrifice, while defending us and our values’. We are going through defining moments of our history. Our courageous armed forces are combating and eradicating the menace of extremism and terrorism from our soil. In the process, they are making tremendous sacrifices of which the entire nation is proud. The only message that my country wants to iterate is that Pakistan desires peace and tranquillity both within and outside its borders.

Dr. Ishrat ul Ibad, Governor, Government of Sindh, Islamic republic of Pakistan spoke during the Special Session: Security Outlook 2025 and Future of Defense Production saying that ‘ Pakistan is currently passing through a very decisive moment and if it would not be wrong to say that we are fighting the war of survival. The threats to our security are multidimensional and very complex. The traditional threat from India is still very much alive and the recent aggressive posture from the hardliner Indian government should be a great concern for our security. But the imminent and greatest challenge we face today is the terrorism that has seriously jeopardize the internal security. This has multiple dimensions, both internal and external. The menace of terrorism has caused a huge loss to not only precious lives of Pakistani people but also in terms of socio-economic losses as well therefore, the first and foremost priority of government is to neutralize this threat’.

The chief minister concluded his address by saying that currently the problems Pakistan is facing are rigorous but I am very optimistic about the future of this great nation. He added ‘Pakistan has come a long way since its independence. What we have achieved, despite formidable internal and external challenges, is a testimony to the enormous strength and resilience of our people’.

The conference was divided into three sessions. The first one was titled National Security: Terrorism and Counter Terrorism Challenges and was chaired by Lt.Gen Sikander Afzal, The second one was Land Forces: Smart Defence in Warfare, and the third session was titled Security Outlook 2025 and Future of Defense production, Pakistan.
Lt.Gen Syed Wajid Hussain, Chairman Heavy Industries Taxila, Pakistan emphasized the Role and Importance of Mechanized Forces and HIT Support to Pakistan Army. During his speech he discussed training procedures should be systematic, logical and cost effective.

Brig Sajid Mehmood, Director Technical, Heavy Industries Taxila talked about Al-Khalid, Security Vehicle Dragoon and Armed personnel carrier SAAD. He discussed the technical specifications of HIT products and referred to AL-Khalid Tank as ‘the pride of Pakistan’ based on its superior technology making it a main battle tank of Pakistan Army.

The SASSI University is an autonomous non-profit research organization based on public–private partnership and is a degree-awarding institute dedicated to promoting peace andstability in South Asia. It is devoted to providing a comprehensive, insightful understanding and an objective analysis of strategic stability in South Asia. The SASSI University aims to make a leading contribution to regional and international academic and policy-oriented research discourses about the South Asian security.