President Ashraf Ghani statement in UNGA and the repeated US rhetoric of “do more” for Pakistan is leading towards further mistrust amongst all three countries. Counter statements by Pakistan officials is also contributing towards strained relations. The US and Afghans have to realize that exerting pressure on Pakistan is not the answer to the ongoing Afghan crisis. Pakistan has contributed more than its capacity to overcome the issue of terrorism and continues to remain committed to eliminate the menace.
Pakistan offer of joint mechanism for border control is the only option under prevailing environs, therefore the US and Afghans must agree to some mechanism in context to effective border control and management. Security situation in border province with Pakistan is not alarming and Afghans must realize that no country alone can manage such a border.
Pakistan’s role in resolving the Afghan crisis needs no further emphasis, any attempt at peace without the inclusion of Pakistan is not likely to yield positive results. Pakistan has suffered and continues to get agonized, therefore any resolve mechanism must keep Pakistan concerns in view.
NATO reaffirmation of supporting the Afghans is positive yet they have to modify their strategy to make Afghanistan peaceful and self-sustainable, rather only supporting the ongoing military operations.
The political divide is getting further widened between the political personalities and groups. Dostum’s absence (in Turkey) from the scene is contributing towards political divisions within the government.
The weekly state of security incidents is indicative of the fact that no area in the entire country can be regarded as free from insecurity. Taliban are striking all over and everywhere, the government forces are causing serious damages to the anti-government groups yet the number of security incidents in the country is alarming.
Government claims of killing ISIS fighter in aerial bombing and ground operations are leading to the belief that the group has gained good grounds in Afghan territories. The US and Afghans must intensify their effort of eliminating the group strong holds, delays and halfhearted efforts will be counterproductive.
Taliban are striking at will and causing serious damages all over Afghanistan, the locations at Kandahar, Helmond, Uruzgan, Ghazni in south, Kabul and surrounding provinces in center and almost entire East is within their striking range, northern Afghanistan is also targeted often. This state of affairs dictates that Taliban have gained strength over the years and Afghan security apparatus is not effective or strong enough to challenge the Taliban fighters.
The state security institutions have to be made well trained and well equipped to fight the anti-forces. The US and Allies have to alter their strategy of training and modify their methodologies so they produce effective force to fight and control the insurgency.